ARCHETYPE Spirometry result (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.spirometry_result.v2)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.spirometry_result.v2
ConceptSpirometry result
DescriptionPulmonary function test results using a spirometer or peak flow meter.
UseUse to record the results of a pulmonary function test performed using a spirometer or peak flow meter. This archetype is intended to be used to record the results from: - electronic or mechanical measurement devices. Use the 'Type of measurement' element in Protocol to record how the result was measured; - oral, nasal or tracheostomy tests. Use the 'Method' element in Protocol to record the type of breathing equipment used to perform the test. For example: mouth piece or face mask. Measurements with different 'Method' will have to be recorded using separate instances of the archetype. - inspiratory and expiratory tests. The name of each test will indicate whether the test records an inspiratory or expiratory result. If the spirometry test is performed in association with the administration of bronchodilators or challenge substances, this can be recorded using the 'Challenge/reversibility' element. Details of what was administered should be recorded using an instance of the ACTION.medication archetype committed within the same COMPOSITION. If additional information about body temperature, ambient pressure or humidity is required, this can be recorded using additional archetypes. Body temperature can be recorded using an instance of the OBSERVATION.body_temperature archetype committed within the same COMPOSITION. Ambient pressure or humidity can be recorded using the CLUSTER.environmental_conditions in the 'Enviromental conditions' slot. The 'Any event' can be cloned and constrained to support the representation of: - Multiple measurements and their average - clone the 'Any event' as many times as needed, plus an additional event set to 'Interval' and selecting the 'Mean' attribute; - Pre- and post bronchial challenge or bronchodilator results - clone the 'Any event' and rename as 'Baseline' and 'Post challenge/bronchodilator', associated with a time offset if required.
MisuseNot to be used to record the results of other types of lung function tests, for example body plethysmography or lung diffusion tests. Use specific archetypes for these purposes. Not to be used to record details about incentive spirometry. Use specific archetypes for these purposes. Not to be used to record the results of blood gas tests. Use the OBSERVATION.laboratory_test_result for this purpose. Not to be used to record measurements about pulse oximetry. Use the OBSERVATION.pulse_oximetry for this purpose.
PurposeTo record the results of a pulmonary function test performed using a spirometer or peak flow meter.
ReferencesMiller MR, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, Crapo R, Enright P, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Jensen R, Johnson DC, MacIntyre N, McKay R, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Pellegrino R, Viegi G, Wanger J. Standardisation of spirometry. Eur Respir J. 2005 Aug;26(2):319-38. doi: 10.1183/09031936.05.00034805. PubMed PMID: 16055882. Available from: https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/26/2/319.long

Johns DP, Pierce R. Pocket guide to spirometry. McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011.

Pingul EM, de Guia TS, Ayuyao FG. FEV1/FEV6 vs FEV1/FVC in the spirometric diagnosis of airways obstruction among Asians [cited 2019 03 12]. Chest. 2007; 132 (4_MeetingAbstracts): 491c-492. Available from https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.132.4_MeetingAbstracts.491c

TIFFENEAU R, PINELLI. Air circulant et air captif dans l'exploration de la fonction ventilatrice pulmonaire [Circulating air and captive air in the exploration of the pulmonary ventilator function]. Paris Med. 1947 Dec 27;37(52):624-8. French. PMID: 18909782.

Sheshadri A, Keus L, Blanco D, Lei X, Kellner C, Shannon VR, Balachandran DD, Jimenez CA, Bashoura L, Faiz SA. Pulmonary Function Testing in Patients with Tracheostomies: Feasibility and Technical Considerations. Lung. 2021 Jun;199(3):307-310. doi: 10.1007/s00408-021-00441-x. Epub 2021 Mar 29. PMID: 33779802; PMCID: PMC9275556.
Copyright© openEHR Foundation
AuthorsAuthor name: Ian McNicoll
Organisation: freshEHR Informatics, UK
Email: ian.mcnicoll@freshEHR.com
Date originally authored: 2013-03-08
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Ian McNicoll
Organisation: freshEHR Informatics, UK
Email: ian.mcnicoll@freshEHR.com
Date originally authored: 2013-03-08
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/., custodian_organisation=openEHR Foundation, references=Miller MR, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, Crapo R, Enright P, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Jensen R, Johnson DC, MacIntyre N, McKay R, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Pellegrino R, Viegi G, Wanger J. Standardisation of spirometry. Eur Respir J. 2005 Aug;26(2):319-38. doi: 10.1183/09031936.05.00034805. PubMed PMID: 16055882. Available from: https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/26/2/319.long Johns DP, Pierce R. Pocket guide to spirometry. McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. Pingul EM, de Guia TS, Ayuyao FG. FEV1/FEV6 vs FEV1/FVC in the spirometric diagnosis of airways obstruction among Asians [cited 2019 03 12]. Chest. 2007; 132 (4_MeetingAbstracts): 491c-492. Available from https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.132.4_MeetingAbstracts.491c TIFFENEAU R, PINELLI. Air circulant et air captif dans l'exploration de la fonction ventilatrice pulmonaire [Circulating air and captive air in the exploration of the pulmonary ventilator function]. Paris Med. 1947 Dec 27;37(52):624-8. French. PMID: 18909782. Sheshadri A, Keus L, Blanco D, Lei X, Kellner C, Shannon VR, Balachandran DD, Jimenez CA, Bashoura L, Faiz SA. Pulmonary Function Testing in Patients with Tracheostomies: Feasibility and Technical Considerations. Lung. 2021 Jun;199(3):307-310. doi: 10.1007/s00408-021-00441-x. Epub 2021 Mar 29. PMID: 33779802; PMCID: PMC9275556., original_namespace=org.openehr, original_publisher=openEHR Foundation, custodian_namespace=org.openehr, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=8C75665CB2BB8D77131D4F1DAC8F9E2D, build_uid=74bae2f5-2f72-4b3d-8096-dfb0a34ce1af, ip_acknowledgements=This artefact includes content from SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®) which is copyrighted material of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). Where an implementation of this artefact makes use of SNOMED CT content, the implementer must have the appropriate SNOMED CT Affiliate license - for more information contact https://www.snomed.org/snomed-ct/get-snomed or info@snomed.org., revision=2.0.0}
Keywordsrespiratory, pulmonary, spirometry, peak flow, lung, bronchial, airway, pef, pefr
Lifecyclepublished
UID80bc786e-3275-4790-9fcf-4e595e6c021c
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1013.1.6655
Revision Number2.0.0
AllArchetype [runtimeNameConstraintForConceptName=null, archetypeConceptBinding=null, archetypeConceptDescription=Pulmonary function test results using a spirometer or peak flow meter., archetypeConceptComment=null, otherContributors=Dag Aarhus, Vestre Viken HF, Norway
Håvard Andreassen Sæverud, Oslo universitetssykehus, Norway
Vebjørn Arntzen, Oslo University Hospital, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Astrid Askeland, Dips AS, Norway
Silje Ljosland Bakke, Helse Vest IKT AS, Norway (openEHR Editor)
SB Bhattacharyya, Bhattacharyyas Clinical Records Research & Informatics LLP, India
Hanne Marte Bårholm, Helse Vest IKT, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Derek Corrigan, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Ireland
Manuela Domingo, hospital general universitario dr. balmis, Spain
Ola Drange Røksund, Helse Bergen, Norway
Kåre Flø, DIPS ASA, Norway
Heather Grain, Llewelyn Grain Informatics, Australia
Mikkel Johan Gaup Grønmo, Regional forvaltning EPJ, Helse Nord, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Merete Havn Torland, Helse Vest IKT, Norway
Sam Heard, Ocean Informatics, Australia
Evelyn Hovenga, EJSH Consulting, Australia
Tiago Jacinto, CINTESIS - FMUP, Portugal
Lars Morgan Karlsen, DIPS ASA, Norway
Agathe Krekvik Govertsen, Helse Bergen, Norway
Kanika Kuwelker, Helse Vest IKT, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Liv Laugen, ​Oslo University Hospital, Norway, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Valeria Lecca, Sardegna Ricerche, Italia
Heather Leslie, Atomica Informatics, Australia (openEHR Editor)
Anne M Gromsrud, DIPS AS, Norway
Ian McNicoll, freshEHR Clinical Informatics, United Kingdom
Svenne Naumann, Finnmarkssykehuset, Norway
Mikael Nyström, Cambio Healthcare Systems AB, Sweden
Bjørn Næss, DIPS ASA, Norway
Andrej Orel, Marand d.o.o., Slovenia
Ana Pereira, CINTESIS, CUF-Porto, Portugal
Francisco Sanchez Laguna, Ministry of Health, Spain
Norwegian Review Summary, Norwegian Public Hospitals, Norway
Nina Særvold, Helse Bergen, Norway
Nyree Taylor, Ocean Health Systems, Australia
Anders Thurin, VGR, Sweden
John Tore Valand, Helse Bergen, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Marit Alice Venheim, Helse Vest IKT, Norway (openEHR Editor)
Ina Wille, Helse-Vest RHF, Norway, originalLanguage=en, translators=Finnish: Vesa Peltola, Tieto Finland Oy, vesa.peltola@tieto.com
Norwegian Bokmål: Mikkel Johan Gaup Grønmo, Silje Ljosland Bakke, Marit Alice Venheim, Hanne Marte Bårholm, Helse-Nord, Forvaltningssenter EPJ, Helse Vest IKT AS, mikkel.johan.gaup.gronmo@helse-nord.no, silje.ljosland.bakke@helse-vest-ikt.no, marit.alice.venheim@helse-vest-ikt.no, hanne.marte.sandal.barholm@helse-vest-ikt.no, Nasjonal IKT HF
Slovenian: ?
, subjectOfData=unconstrained, archetypeTranslationTree=null, topLevelToAshis={relationships=[], description=[], protocol=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0196], code=at0196, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Type of measurement, description=Type of measurement of spirometry., comment=This is particularly relevant for PEFR and PIFR tests., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Mechanical [Measurement using a purely mechanical device.]
  • Electronic [Measurement using an electronic device.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0199], code=at0199, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Method, description=Method used to perform the test., comment=For example: measurements performed orally using a mouth piece and nose clip, or nasally using a face mask with the mouth firmly closed. Measurements with different methods will have to be recorded using separate instances of the archetype., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0192], code=at0192, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Challenge/reversibility, description=Statement about whether the spirometry test was performed as a reversibility test or a bronchial challenge test., comment=A reversibility test is usually performed using an inhaled bronchodilator such as salbutamol, and is sometimes known as a post bronchodilator test. A bronchial challenge test is usually performed using an inhaled bronchoconstrictor such as methacholine, vigorous exercise, or inhalation of cold/dry air., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • None [The spirometry test was performed neither as a reversibility test nor a bronchial challenge test.]
  • Bronchial challenge test [The spirometry test was performed as a bronchial challenge test.]
  • Reversibility test [The spirometry test was performed as a reversibility test.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0030], code=at0030, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Device, description=Details of the device used to measure spirometry., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.device.v1 and specialisations, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0185], code=at0185, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Predicted results source, description=The knowledge base used for the predicted results., comment=For example: GLI 2012., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.knowledge_base_reference.v1 and specialisations, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0029]/items[at0132], code=at0132, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Extension, description=Additional information required to capture local content or to align with other reference models/formalisms., comment=For example: local information requirements or additional metadata to align with FHIR equivalents., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
All not explicitly excluded archetypes, extendedValues=null]], activities=[], context=[], provider=[], source=[], items=[], data=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0052], code=at0052, itemType=CLUSTER, level=4, text=(Volume), description=Test result represented as a measured volume or calculated capacity., comment=Each test result is recorded using a separate instance of this cluster., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Runtime name constraint:
  • FVC [Forced vital capacity (FVC) is the maximal volume of air that can be forcibly exhaled from a position of full inspiration.]
  • SVC [Slow vital capacity (SVC) is the maximal volume of air that can be slowly exhaled from a position of full inspiration. Also known as Expiratory vital capacity (EVC). Equal to IRV + TV + ERV.]
  • FIVC [Forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) is the maximal volume of air that can be forcibly inhaled from a position of full expiration.]
  • IVC [Inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) is the maximal volume of air that can be slowly inhaled from a position of full expiration. Equal to ERV + TV + IRV.]
  • IC [Inspiratory capacity (IC) is the maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after exhalation of normal tidal volume. Equal to TV + IRV.]
  • FEV0.5 [Forced expiratory volume at 0.5 seconds (FEV0.5) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first half second of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FEV0.75 [Forced expiratory volume at 0.75 seconds (FEV0.75) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first three quarters of a second of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FEV1 [Forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first second of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FEV2 [Forced expiratory volume at 2 seconds (FEV2) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first two seconds of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FEV3 [Forced expiratory volume at 3 seconds (FEV3) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first three seconds of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FEV6 [Forced expiratory volume at 6 seconds (FEV6) is the volume of air that has been exhaled during the first six seconds of forced exhalation, during the performance of FVC.]
  • FIV1 [Forced inspiratory volume at 1 second (FIV1) is the volume of air that has been inhaled during the first second of forced inhalation, during the performance of FIVC.]
  • TV [Tidal volume (TV) is the normal volume of air that can be inhaled or exhaled during one respiratory cycle when no extra effort is applied. Also known as Vᴛ.]
  • ERV [Expiratory reserve volume (ERV) is the maximal volume of air that can be forcibly exhaled after exhalation of normal tidal volume.]
  • IRV [Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV) is the maximal volume of air that can be forcibly inhaled after a inhalation of normal tidal volume.]
  • MVV [Maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) is the maximum volume of air the individual can breathe during a period of time specified by an interval event.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0052]/items[at0053], code=at0053, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Result, description=Measured volume., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Volume
Units:
  • >=0.0 L
    Limit decimal places: 3
  • >=0.0 mL
    Limit decimal places: 1
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0052]/items[at0054], code=at0054, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Predicted result, description=Predicted volume., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Volume
Units:
  • >=0.0 L
    Limit decimal places: 3
  • >=0.0 mL
    Limit decimal places: 1
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0052]/items[at0044], code=at0044, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Measured/predicted ratio, description=The ratio of the measured to predicted test results., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_PROPORTION, bindings=null, values=
  • Percent
Numerator: >=0.0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0057], code=at0057, itemType=CLUSTER, level=4, text=(Flow rate), description=Test result represented as a measured flow rate., comment=Each test result is recorded using a separate instance of this cluster., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Runtime name constraint:
  • PEFR [Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) is the peak flow rate during a forced vital capacity (FVC) maneuver. Also known as forced expiratory flow at maximum effort (FEFmax).]
  • PIFR [Peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR) is the peak flow rate during a forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) maneuver.]
  • FEF25-75% [Forced expiratory flow 25-75 % (FEF25-75%) is the mean forced expiratory flow of air measured during the expiration of 25-75 % of the volume of the forced vital capacity (FVC).]
  • FEF25-50% [Forced expiratory flow 25-50 % (FEF25-50%) is the mean forced expiratory flow of air measured during the expiration of 25-50 % of the volume of the forced vital capacity (FVC).]
  • FIF25-75% [Forced inspiratory flow 25-75 % (FIF25-75%) is the mean forced inspiratory flow of air measured during the inspiration of 25-75 % of the volume of the forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC).]
  • FIF25-50% [Forced inspiratory flow 25-50 % (FIF25-50%) is the mean forced inspiratory flow of air measured during the inspiration of 25-50 % of the volume of the forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC).]
  • FEF25% [Forced expiratory flow 25 % (FEF25%) is the maximal instantaneous expiratory flow when 25 % of the of the volume of the forced vital capacity (FVC) has been expired. Also known as maximal voluntary flow 75% (MEF75%).]
  • FEF50% [Forced expiratory flow 50 % (FEF50%) is the maximal instantaneous expiratory flow when 50 % of the of the volume of the forced vital capacity (FVC) has been expired. Also known as maximal voluntary flow 50 % (MEF50%).]
  • FEF75% [Forced expiratory flow 75 % (FEF75%) is the maximal instantaneous expiratory flow when 75 % of the of the volume of the forced vital capacity (FVC) has been expired. Also known as maximal voluntary flow 25 % (MEF25%).]
  • FIF25% [Forced inspiratory flow 25 % (FIF25%) is the maximal instantaneous inspiratory flow when 25 % of the of the volume of the forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) has been inspired. Also known as maximum inspiratory flow 75% (MIF75%).]
  • FIF50% [Forced inspiratory flow 50 % (FIF50%) is the maximal instantaneous inspiratory flow when 50 % of the of the volume of the forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) has been inspired. Also known as maximum inspiratory flow 50% (MIF50%).]
  • FIF75% [Forced inspiratory flow 75 % (FIF75%) is the maximal instantaneous inspiratory flow when 75 % of the of the volume of the forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) has been inspired. Also known as maximum inspiratory flow 25% (MIF25%).]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0057]/items[at0058], code=at0058, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Result, description=Measured flow rate., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Flow rate, volume
Units:
  • >=0.0 L/s
    Limit decimal places: 3
  • >=0.0 mL/s
    Limit decimal places: 1
  • >=0.0 L/min
    Limit decimal places: 1
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0057]/items[at0008], code=at0008, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Predicted result, description=Predicted flow rate., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Flow rate, volume
Units:
  • >=0.0 L/s
    Limit decimal places: 3
  • >=0.0 mL/s
    Limit decimal places: 1
  • >=0.0 L/min
    Limit decimal places: 1
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0057]/items[at0122], code=at0122, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Measured/predicted ratio, description=The ratio of measured to predicted test results., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_PROPORTION, bindings=null, values=
  • Percent
Numerator: >=0.0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0156], code=at0156, itemType=CLUSTER, level=4, text=(Pressure), description=Test result represented as a measured pressure., comment=Each test result is recorded using a separate instance of this cluster., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Runtime name constraint:
  • MEP [Maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) is the maximal expiratory pressure during a forced vital capacity (FVC) maneuver.]
  • MIP [Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) is the maximal inspiratory pressure during a forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC) maneuver.]
  • SNIP [Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) is the maximal inspiratory pressure in one occluded nostril during a maximal sniff performed from relaxed end-expiration through the other patent nostril.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0156]/items[at0165], code=at0165, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Result, description=Measured pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • >=0.0 cm[H2O]
    Limit decimal places: 1
  • >=0.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0156]/items[at0166], code=at0166, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Predicted result, description=Predicted pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • >=0.0 cm[H2O]
    Limit decimal places: 1
  • >=0.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0156]/items[at0167], code=at0167, itemType=ELEMENT, level=5, text=Measured/predicted ratio, description=The ratio of measured to predicted test results., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_PROPORTION, bindings=null, values=
  • Percent
Numerator: >=0.0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0055], code=at0055, itemType=CLUSTER, level=4, text=(Ratio), description=A calculated test result expressed as a ratio., comment=Each ratio is recorded using a separate instance of this cluster., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=1..*, cardinalityText=, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Runtime name constraint:
  • FEV1/FVC ratio [The ratio of 'Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)' to 'Forced vital capacity (FVC)'. Also known as FEV1%FVC or FEV1%F.]
  • FEV1/SVC ratio [The ratio of 'Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)' to 'Slow vital capacity (SVC)'.]
  • FEV1/FEV6 ratio [The ratio of 'Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)' to 'Forced expiratory volume in 6 seconds (FEV6)'.]
  • FEV1/IVC ratio [The ratio of 'Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)' to 'Inspired vital capacity (IVC)'.]
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  • Percent
Numerator: >=0.0
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  • Percent
Numerator: >=0.0
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>=0 seconds
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openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.environmental_conditions.v0 and specialisations or
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  • Mechanical [Measurement using a purely mechanical device.]
  • Electronic [Measurement using an electronic device.]
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  • None [The spirometry test was performed neither as a reversibility test nor a bronchial challenge test.]
  • Bronchial challenge test [The spirometry test was performed as a bronchial challenge test.]
  • Reversibility test [The spirometry test was performed as a reversibility test.]
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