ARCHETYPE Blood pressure (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v2)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.blood_pressure.v2
ConceptBlood pressure
DescriptionThe local measurement of arterial blood pressure which is a surrogate for arterial pressure in the systemic circulation.
UseUse to record all representations of systemic arterial blood pressure measurement, no matter which method or body location is used to record it. The archetype is intended to capture blood pressure measurements in all clinical scenarios - for example: - self-measurement with a home blood pressure machine; - an emergency assessment of systolic using palpation and a sphygmomanometer; - measurements taken in clinical consultations or during exercise stress testing; and - a series of measurements made by a machine in Intensive Care. There is a rich state model that supports interpretation of measurements through identifying patient position, exercise, confounding factors and angle of a tilt table in research. Named events have been limited to average over a 24 hour period, however templates can further constrain the default 'any event' to cater for specific requirements for blood pressure measurements such as recording Blood Pressure against specific points in time, or over a range of intervals (+/- mathematical functions).
MisuseNot to be used to record the measurement of arterial blood pressure which is NOT a surrogate for arterial pressure in the systemic circulation eg specific measurement of right pulmonary artery pressure. Use OBSERVATION.intravascular_pressure in this situation. Not to be used to record measurements of intravenous pressure. Use the appropriate specialisations of OBSERVATION.intravascular_pressure in this situation.
PurposeTo record the systemic arterial blood pressure of an individual.
ReferencesO'Brien E, Asmar R, Beilin L, et al. European Society of Hypertension recommendations for conventional, ambulatory and home blood pressure measurement. Journal of Hypertension [Internet]. 2003 [cited 2009 Jul 30] ; 21(5):821-848. Available from http://www.bhsoc.org/bp_monitors/ESH_BP_rec.pdf

Perloff D, Grim C, Flack J, Frohlich ED, Hill M, McDonald M, Morgenstern BZ. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation [Internet]. 1993 [cited 2009 Jul 29] 88 (5): 2460. Available from: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/88/5/2460
Copyright© openEHR Foundation
AuthorsAuthor name: Sam Heard
Organisation: Ocean Informatics
Email: sam.heard@oceaninformatics.com
Date originally authored: 2006-03-22
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Sam Heard
Organisation: Ocean Informatics
Email: sam.heard@oceaninformatics.com
Date originally authored: 2006-03-22
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/., custodian_organisation=openEHR Foundation, references=O'Brien E, Asmar R, Beilin L, et al. European Society of Hypertension recommendations for conventional, ambulatory and home blood pressure measurement. Journal of Hypertension [Internet]. 2003 [cited 2009 Jul 30] ; 21(5):821-848. Available from http://www.bhsoc.org/bp_monitors/ESH_BP_rec.pdf Perloff D, Grim C, Flack J, Frohlich ED, Hill M, McDonald M, Morgenstern BZ. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation [Internet]. 1993 [cited 2009 Jul 29] 88 (5): 2460. Available from: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/88/5/2460, current_contact=Heather Leslie, Atomica Informatics, original_namespace=org.openehr, original_publisher=openEHR Foundation, custodian_namespace=org.openehr, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=17CAAD568AC5BB315D0A86780DC576C5, build_uid=6ac48c8d-0b4b-447d-ba0d-5bdb97f257a4, ip_acknowledgements=This artefact includes content from SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®) which is copyrighted material of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). Where an implementation of this artefact makes use of SNOMED CT content, the implementer must have the appropriate SNOMED CT Affiliate license - for more information contact http://www.snomed.org/snomed-ct/get-snomedct or info@snomed.org., revision=2.0.6}
Keywordsobservations, measurement, bp, vital signs, mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure, systolic, diastolic, RR, NIBP
Lifecyclepublished
UID1811b084-29c0-4bec-bde3-c70b7a5bc28e
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1013.1.3574
Revision Number2.0.6
AllArchetype [runtimeNameConstraintForConceptName=null, archetypeConceptBinding=[SNOMED-CT(2003)::364090009 | Systemic arterial pressure (observable entity)], archetypeConceptDescription=The local measurement of arterial blood pressure which is a surrogate for arterial pressure in the systemic circulation., archetypeConceptComment=Most commonly, use of the term 'blood pressure' refers to measurement of brachial artery pressure in the upper arm., otherContributors=Karin Aarsheim, Helse Førde, Norway
Tomas Alme, DIPS ASA, Norway
Anne Pauline Anderssen, Helse Nord RHF, Norway
Koray Atalag, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Silje Ljosland Bakke, Helse Bergen HF, Norway (Editor)
Johan Gustav Bellika, Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, Norway
Knut Bernstein, MEDIQ, Denmark
Lars Bitsch-Larsen, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
Fredrik Borchsenius, Oslo universitetssykehus, Norway
Pål Brekke, OUS Rikshospitalet, Norway
Marja Buur, Medisch Centrum Alkmaar, Netherlands
Rong Chen, Cambio Healthcare Systems, Sweden
Lisbeth Dahlhaug, Helse Midt - Norge IT, Norway
Beatriz de Faria Leão, Zilics, Brazil
Paul Donaldson, Nursing Informatics Australia, Australia
Torsten Eken, Oslo universitetssykehus HF, Ullevål, Norway
Jose Florez Arango, Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia
Einar Fosse, UNN HF, Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, Norway
Gerard Freriks, ERC, Netherlands
Sebastian Garde, Ocean Informatics, Germany
Soon Ghee Yap, Singapore Health Services Pte Ltd, Singapore
Anneke Goossen, Results 4 Care, Netherlands
Bjørn Grøva, Helsedirektoratet, Norway
Atle Hansen, Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge, Norway
Sam Heard, Ocean Informatics, Australia
Kristian Heldal, Telemark Hospital Trust, Norway
Karsten Heusser, Hannover Medical School, Germany
Omer Hotomaroglu, Turkey
Evelyn Hovenga, EJSH Consulting, Australia
Derek Hoy, United Kingdom
Pieter Hummel, Medisch Centrum Alkmaar, Netherlands
Eugene Igras, IRIS Systems, Inc., Canada
Sundaresan Jagannathan, Scottish NHS, United Kingdom
Tom Jarl Jakobsen, Helse Bergen, Norway
Andrew James, University of Toronto, Canada
Karl Trygve Kalleberg, Oslo Universitetssykehus, Norway
Sabine Leh, Helse-Bergen, Norway
Heather Leslie, Atomica Informatics, Australia (Editor)
Rikard Lovstrom, Swedish Medical Association, Sweden
Hallvard Lærum, Oslo Universitetssykehus HF, Norway
Luis Marco Ruiz, NST, Spain
Rohan Martin, Ambulance Victoria, Australia
Ian McNicoll, Ocean Informatics, United Kingdom
Lars Ivar Mehlum, Helse Bergen HF, Norway
Jeroen Meintjens, Medisch Centrum Alkmaar, Netherlands
Udo Müller-Oest, CompuGROUP Software, Germany
Bjørn Næss, DIPS ASA, Norway
Rune Pedersen, Universitetssykehuset i Nord Norge, Norway
Melvin Reynolds, United Kingdom
Steinar Sandvik, Helse Vest IKT, Norway
Thomas Schopf, University Hospital of North-Norway, Norway
Tony Shannon, NHS, United Kingdom
Thor-Einar Stemland, Helse Bergen, FOU Seksjon for e-helse, Norway
Line Sæle, Helse Vest IKT, Norway
Hwei-Yee Tai, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Micaela Thierley, Helse Bergen, Norway
Kevin Thon, SKDE, Norway
Camilla Tøndel, Haukeland University Hospital, Norway
John Tore Valand, Haukeland Universitetssjukehus, Norway (Editor)
Stef Verlinden, Vivici, Netherlands
Ole Øyen, Oslo University Hospital, Norway, originalLanguage=en, translators=German: Sebastian Garde, Jasmin Buck, Ocean Informatics, University of Heidelberg
Russian: Igor Lizunov, i.lizunov@infinnity.ru
Swedish: Kirsi Poikela, Tieto Sweden AB, ext.kirsi.poikela@tieto.com
Finnish: Vesa Peltola, Tieto Finland, vesa.peltola@tieto.com
Korean: Seung-Jong Yu, NOUSCO Co.,Ltd., seungjong.yu@gmail.com, Certified Board of Family Medicine in South Korea
Portuguese (Brazil): Jussara Rözsch, OpenEHR Foundation, jussara.macedo@gmail.com, Medical Doctor, Psychiarist, Clinical Modeller, openEHR Diretor, ehealth infostructuture WG ccoordinator- brazilian ehealth program
Arabic (Syria): Mona Saleh
Chinese (PRC): Chunlan Ma; Lin Zhang, Ocean Informatics; Taikang Insurance Group, chunlan.ma@oceaninformatics.com; linforest@163.com
Spanish (Spain): Pablo Pazos, CaboLabs, Computer Engineer
Spanish (Argentina): Domingo Liotta, Universidad de Morón, domingo_liotta@hotmail.com, Universidad de Morón
Norwegian Bokmål: Lars Bitsch-Larsen, Haukeland Uinversity Hospital, Bergen, Norway, lbla@helse-bergen.no, MD, DEAA. specialist in anaesthesia and tropical medicine.
Japanese: Shinji Kobayashi, Kyoto University, skoba@moss.gr.jp
Farsi: Shahla Foozonkhah, Ocean Informatics, shahla.foozonkhah@oceaninformatics.com
Dutch: Marja Buur, M.C.A., m.buur-krom@mca.nl
, subjectOfData=unconstrained, archetypeTranslationTree=null, topLevelToAshis={identities=[], other_participations=[], credentials=[], description=[], relationships=[], ism_transition=[], activities=[], items=[], data=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0004], code=at0004, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Systolic, description=Peak systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in systolic or contraction phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=[SNOMED-CT(2003)::271649006 | Systolic blood pressure (observable entity)], values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • 0.0..<1000.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0005], code=at0005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Diastolic, description=Minimum systemic arterial blood pressure - measured in the diastolic or relaxation phase of the heart cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=[SNOMED-CT(2003)::271650006 | Diastolic blood pressure (observable entity)], values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • 0.0..<1000.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at1006], code=at1006, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Mean arterial pressure, description=The average arterial pressure that occurs over the entire course of the heart contraction and relaxation cycle., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • 0.0..<1000.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at1007], code=at1007, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Pulse pressure, description=The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Pressure
Units:
  • 0.0..<1000.0 mm[Hg]
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at1059], code=at1059, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Clinical interpretation, description=Single word, phrase or brief description that represents the clinical meaning and significance of the blood pressure measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003]/items[at0033], code=at0033, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Comment, description=Additional narrative about the measurement, not captured in other fields., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null]], capabilities=[], state=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at0008], code=at0008, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Position, description=The position of the individual at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Standing [Standing at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Sitting [Sitting (for example on bed or chair) at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Reclining [Reclining at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying [Lying flat at the time of blood pressure measurement.]
  • Lying with tilt to left [Lying flat with some lateral tilt, usually angled towards the left side. Commonly required in the last trimester of pregnancy to relieve aortocaval compression.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1052], code=at1052, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Confounding factors, description=Comment on and record other incidental factors that may be contributing to the blood pressure measurement. For example, level of anxiety or 'white coat syndrome'; pain or fever; changes in atmospheric pressure etc., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1030], code=at1030, itemType=SLOT, level=4, text=Exertion, description=Details about physical activity undertaken at the time of blood pressure measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.level_of_exertion.v1 and specialisations, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1043], code=at1043, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Sleep status, description=Sleep status - supports interpretation of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure records., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Awake [The individual is fully conscious.]
  • Sleeping [The individual is in the natural state of bodily rest.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007]/items[at1005], code=at1005, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Tilt, description=The craniocaudal tilt of the surface on which the person is lying at the time of measurement., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_QUANTITY, bindings=null, values=Property: Angle, plane
Units:
  • -90.0..90.0 deg
    Limit decimal places: 0
, extendedValues=null]], context=[], events=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0006], code=at0006, itemType=EVENT, level=2, text=Any event, description=Default, unspecified point in time or interval event which may be explicitly defined in a template or at run-time., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=EVENT, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at1042], code=at1042, itemType=INTERVAL_EVENT, level=2, text=24 hour average, description=Estimate of the average blood pressure over a 24 hour period., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=INTERVAL_EVENT, bindings=null, values=Math. function: Mean
Interval width: 24 hours
, extendedValues=null]], source=[], content=[], target=[], details=[], provider=[], protocol=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at0013], code=at0013, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Cuff size, description=The size of the cuff used for blood pressure measurement., comment=Perloff D, Grim C, Flack J, Frohlich ED, Hill M, McDonald M, Morgenstern BZ. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation 1993;88;2460-2470. , uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=[SNOMED-CT(2003)::246153002 | Type of cuff (attribute)], values=
  • Adult Thigh [A cuff used for an adult thigh.]
  • Large Adult [A cuff for adults with larger arms.]
  • Adult [A cuff that is standard for an adult.]
  • Small Adult [A cuff used for a small adult.]
  • Paediatric/Child [A cuff that is appropriate for a child or adult with a thin arm.]
  • Infant [A cuff used for infants.]
  • Neonatal [A cuff used for a neonate, assuming cuff is the appropriate size for maturity and birthweight of the neonate.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at0014], code=at0014, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Location of measurement, description=Simple body site where blood pressure was measured., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CHOICE, bindings=null, values=Choice of:
  •  Coded Text
    • Right arm [The right arm of the person.]
    • Left arm [The left arm of the person.]
    • Right thigh [The right thigh of the person.]
    • Left thigh [The left thigh of the person.]
    • Right wrist [The right wrist of the individual.]
    • Left wrist [The left wrist of the individual.]
    • Right ankle [The right ankle of the individual.]
    • Left ankle [The left ankle of the individual.]
    • Finger [A finger of the individual.]
    • Toe [A toe of the individual.]
    • Dorsum of foot [The individual's dorsum of the foot.]
    • Intra-arterial [Invasive measurement via transducer access line within an artery.]
  •  Text
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1057], code=at1057, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Structured measurement location, description=Structured anatomical location of where the measurement was taken., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.anatomical_location.v1 and specialisations, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1035], code=at1035, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Method, description=Method of measurement of blood pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Auscultation [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a stethoscope and Korotkoff sounds.]
  • Palpation [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using palpation (usually of the brachial or radial arteries).]
  • Machine [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a blood pressure machine.]
  • Invasive [Method of measuring blood pressure internally ie involving penetration of the skin and measuring inside blood vessels.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1038], code=at1038, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Mean arterial pressure formula, description=Formula used to calculate the Mean Arterial Pressure (if recorded in data)., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1054], code=at1054, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Systolic pressure formula, description=Formula used to calculate the systolic pressure from from mean arterial pressure (if recorded in data)., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1055], code=at1055, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Diastolic pressure formula, description=Formula used to calculate the diastolic pressure from mean arterial pressure (if recorded in data)., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_TEXT, bindings=null, values=, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1010], code=at1010, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Diastolic endpoint, description=Record which Korotkoff sound is used for determining diastolic pressure using auscultative method., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=null, values=
  • Phase IV [The fourth Korotkoff sound is identified as an abrupt muffling of sounds.]
  • Phase V [The fifth Korotkoff sound is identified by absence of sounds as the cuff pressure drops below the diastolic blood pressure.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1025], code=at1025, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Device, description=Details about sphygmomanometer or other device used to measure the blood pressure., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
openEHR-EHR-CLUSTER.device.v1 and specialisations, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at1058], code=at1058, itemType=SLOT, level=2, text=Extension, description=Additional information required to capture local context or to align with other reference models/formalisms., comment=For example: Local hospital departmental infomation or additional metadata to align with FHIR or CIMI equivalents., uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..*, occurencesText=Optional, repeating, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CLUSTER, bindings=null, values=Include:
All not explicitly excluded archetypes, extendedValues=null]], contacts=[]}, topLevelItems={data=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/data[at0003], code=at0003, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=2, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=1..1, cardinalityText=mandatory, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null], state=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/data[at0001]/events[at0006]/state[at0007], code=at0007, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=2, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=1..1, cardinalityText=mandatory, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null], protocol=ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=ROOT_/protocol[at0011], code=at0011, itemType=ITEM_TREE, level=0, text=null, description=null, comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=1..1, cardinalityText=mandatory, subCardinalityFormal=0..*, subCardinalityText=Minimum of 0 items, dataType=ITEM_TREE, bindings=null, values=null, extendedValues=null]}, addHierarchyItemsTo=protocol, currentHierarchyItemsForAdding=[ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at0013], code=at0013, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Cuff size, description=The size of the cuff used for blood pressure measurement., comment=Perloff D, Grim C, Flack J, Frohlich ED, Hill M, McDonald M, Morgenstern BZ. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation 1993;88;2460-2470. , uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=DV_CODED_TEXT, bindings=[SNOMED-CT(2003)::246153002 | Type of cuff (attribute)], values=
  • Adult Thigh [A cuff used for an adult thigh.]
  • Large Adult [A cuff for adults with larger arms.]
  • Adult [A cuff that is standard for an adult.]
  • Small Adult [A cuff used for a small adult.]
  • Paediatric/Child [A cuff that is appropriate for a child or adult with a thin arm.]
  • Infant [A cuff used for infants.]
  • Neonatal [A cuff used for a neonate, assuming cuff is the appropriate size for maturity and birthweight of the neonate.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/protocol[at0011]/items[at0014], code=at0014, itemType=ELEMENT, level=2, text=Location of measurement, description=Simple body site where blood pressure was measured., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=0..1, occurencesText=Optional, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=CHOICE, bindings=null, values=Choice of:
  •  Coded Text
    • Right arm [The right arm of the person.]
    • Left arm [The left arm of the person.]
    • Right thigh [The right thigh of the person.]
    • Left thigh [The left thigh of the person.]
    • Right wrist [The right wrist of the individual.]
    • Left wrist [The left wrist of the individual.]
    • Right ankle [The right ankle of the individual.]
    • Left ankle [The left ankle of the individual.]
    • Finger [A finger of the individual.]
    • Toe [A toe of the individual.]
    • Dorsum of foot [The individual's dorsum of the foot.]
    • Intra-arterial [Invasive measurement via transducer access line within an artery.]
  •  Text
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  • Auscultation [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a stethoscope and Korotkoff sounds.]
  • Palpation [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using palpation (usually of the brachial or radial arteries).]
  • Machine [Method of measuring blood pressure externally, using a blood pressure machine.]
  • Invasive [Method of measuring blood pressure internally ie involving penetration of the skin and measuring inside blood vessels.]
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  • Phase IV [The fourth Korotkoff sound is identified as an abrupt muffling of sounds.]
  • Phase V [The fifth Korotkoff sound is identified by absence of sounds as the cuff pressure drops below the diastolic blood pressure.]
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