ARCHETYPE howRU score (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.howru.v1)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.howru.v1
ConcepthowRU score
DescriptionInformation captured by the howRU™ patient-reported outcomes instrument.
Use'howRU' (TM) is a generic patient-reported outcomes instrument, designed to meet these requirements, and answer the central question: "How are you today?" It has four dimensions, which reflect the presence or absence of what matters most to patients, in addition to survival: - Symptoms such as pain ­ includes discomfort such as breathlessness or nausea - Feeling low or worried ­ includes anxiety, depression and fatigue. - Limits to what you can do ­ includes physical incapacity, loss of memory, sight or hearing. - Dependence on others ­ reliance on other people or equipment. For each dimension, the patient picks one of four levels, indicated using a traffic-light metaphor with labels, colour, position and images. The four dimensions and four levels give 256 (44) different permutations, each of which represents a different health state. For data storage and analysis, each level is recorded on a 0-3 ordinal scale, with none = 3, slight = 2 quite a lot = 1, and extreme = 0. Higher score means better health. A simple aggregate howRU score is calculated by adding the scores for each dimension, giving a range from 12 (4 x none, ceiling) to 0 (4 x extreme, floor). Copyright 2008 Routine Health Outcomes Ltd. All rights reserved. Used with Permission. Users should notify Tim Benson by email: timbenson@routinehealthoutcomes.com
MisuseShould not be used other than to record information derived from the patient-reported outcomes instrument. Copyright 2008 Routine Health Outcomes Ltd. All rights reserved - Do not use without permission.
PurposeTo record information captured by the howRU™patient-reported outcomes instrument.
ReferencesBenson T, Arikan S, Whatling J. Introducing howRU™ An Instrument for Routine Health Outcomes Measurement [Internet]. Unpublished Draft 2008;Available from: http://www.routinehealthoutcomes.com/HowRU.pdf

Copyright© Clinical Models UK
AuthorsAuthor name: Kieran D Evans
Organisation: Cardiff COMSC
Email: k.evans@cs.cf.ac.uk
Date originally authored: 03/03/2010
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Kieran D Evans
Organisation: Cardiff COMSC
Email: k.evans@cs.cf.ac.uk
Date originally authored: 03/03/2010
OtherDetails Language Independent{references=Benson T, Arikan S, Whatling J. Introducing howRU™ An Instrument for Routine Health Outcomes Measurement [Internet]. Unpublished Draft 2008;Available from: http://www.routinehealthoutcomes.com/HowRU.pdf , MD5-CAM-1.0.1=C52023F71787B1E5D9DB0A72339221DE}
Keywordsproms, pain, symptom, patient, dependent, outcome
LifecycleAuthorDraft
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1013.1.3336
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1: slight [The subject is only slighly affected.]
2: quite a lot [The subject is considerably affected.]
3: extreme [The subject is extremely affected.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0008], code=at0008, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Feeling low or worried, description=Feeling low or worried – includes all psychological states, including anxiety, feeling low and depression., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_ORDINAL, bindings=[LOINC::55746-2 | Feeling low or worried [howRU]], values=0: none [The subject is not affected at all.]
1: slight [The subject is only slighly affected.]
2: quite a lot [The subject is considerably affected.]
3: extreme [The subject is extremely affected.]
, extendedValues=null], ResourceSimplifiedHierarchyItem [path=/data[at0001]/events[at0002]/data[at0003]/items[at0039], code=at0039, itemType=ELEMENT, level=4, text=Limited in what I can do, description=Limited in what I can do – includes incapacity due to physical or psychological reasons, such as not being able to perform activities of daily living, or not being able to carry out leisure activities., comment=null, uncommonOntologyItems=null, occurencesFormal=1..1, occurencesText=Mandatory, cardinalityFormal=null, cardinalityText=null, subCardinalityFormal=null, subCardinalityText=null, dataType=C_DV_ORDINAL, bindings=[LOINC::55747-0 | Limited in what I can do [howRU]], values=0: none [The subject is not affected at all.]
1: slight [The subject is only slighly affected.]
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1: slight [The subject is only slighly affected.]
2: quite a lot [The subject is considerably affected.]
3: extreme [The subject is extremely affected.]
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