ARCHETYPE Oucher pain scale (openEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.oucher_pain_scale.v0)

ARCHETYPE IDopenEHR-EHR-OBSERVATION.oucher_pain_scale.v0
ConceptOucher pain scale
DescriptionA self-report pain assessment tool for children aged 3 to 12.
UseThere are two manners of administration of the Oucher scale: numerical or photographic. If the numerical (0 - 10) scale is used , after being asked to grade his or her pain in a 0 (no pain) to 10 (maximum pain) range, the number named by the child represents his or her score. If the photographic scale is used, the child must select the one picture which best represents the pain he or her is experiencing out of a collection of six pictures representing faces exhibiting increasing degrees of pain. The picture sets, as well as the conversion rule to the 0-10 numeric scale, may be downloaded from http://www.oucher.org/the_scales.html. The criteria to use either scale may be reviewed in the Oucher User's Manual, available in http://www.oucher.org/downloads/2009_Users_Manual.pdf. In general, the numeric scale should be used if the child can count to 100 by ones or tens, or if he or she can identify which of any two numbers is larger.
MisuseNot to be used outside the age range 3 to 12 years.
PurposeA self-report pain assessment tool for children aged 3 to 12.
ReferencesBeyer JE, Denyes MJ, Villarruel AM (1992). The creation, validation and continuing development of the Oucher. A measure of pain intensity in children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 7, 335-346.

Beyer J, Villarruel A, Denyes M (2009). The Oucher: User's Manual and Technical Report. Avialable in http://www.oucher.org/downloads/2009_Users_Manual.pdf.
Copyright© openEHR Foundation
AuthorsAuthor name: Alan D. March
Organisation: Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Email: alandmarch@gmail.com
Date originally authored: 2016-09-24
Other Details LanguageAuthor name: Alan D. March
Organisation: Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Email: alandmarch@gmail.com
Date originally authored: 2016-09-24
OtherDetails Language Independent{licence=This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/., custodian_organisation=openEHR Foundation, references=Beyer JE, Denyes MJ, Villarruel AM (1992). The creation, validation and continuing development of the Oucher. A measure of pain intensity in children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 7, 335-346. Beyer J, Villarruel A, Denyes M (2009). The Oucher: User's Manual and Technical Report. Avialable in http://www.oucher.org/downloads/2009_Users_Manual.pdf., current_contact=Alan D. March , original_namespace=org.openehr, original_publisher=openEHR Foundation, custodian_namespace=org.openehr, MD5-CAM-1.0.1=DDA4CDFF3CF49B0DD527AA98BC601E77, build_uid=8e012e1d-7527-477f-a7f0-d99d25fa7916, revision=0.0.1-alpha}
Keywordspain, scale, Oucher, children
Lifecyclein_development
UID6d96ba4c-04b3-4b69-9bfa-9cf73344d54b
Language useden
Citeable Identifier1013.1.2616
Revision Number0.0.1-alpha
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